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Call us At: (504) 466-3555

Different Species Of Wood For Hardwood Floors


The domestic species of wood are never out of fashion. In fact, the hardwood floors made up of these species can add an air of class and a sense of permanence to any interior.

Let’s look at some of these popular domestic wood species…

American Cherry Wood

Cherry wood is a durable and beautiful flooring option, widely used in elegant cabinetry and furniture. The best thing about this luxurious wood is, it darkens with age and complements almost any décor.

This wood is available in a variety of appealing colors and textures – from stunning light red tones, with fine graining, to a richer red that deepens overtime. Interestingly, the color of these woods tends to become darker when exposed to light, providing gold and reddish highlights.

You can make the most out of this flooring simply by trying color variations and character markings.

Coming to its flaws, unpleasant displays like marks and scratches are clearly visible on cherry, due to its hardness and subtle grain. However, you can reduce such issues by trying coarser grain of oak or by having a matte finish.

Mainly Found in: The eastern side of United States (the place has rich and moist soils)

Height and diameter: 30 m and 2 ft respectively


American Walnut Wood

Walnut wood is one of the most sought after hardwood flooring options for today’s modern homes.

The heartwood of walnut is composed of imposing chocolate brown (with darker streaks and a purplish cast) which gives your room an unrivaled opulence, and a contemporary look.  Similarly, the sapwood is creamy white and occasionally tanned. The color difference between the heartwood and sapwood is extremely evident and helps in creating noteworthy variations in the color and grain between boards. The grain of the wood is mostly straight, but you can get wavy or curly grain to turn your flooring into an amazing decorative figure.

Due to the hardness and density of walnut wood, marks and scratches are clearly visible on it. But, a matte finish can do the trick here. The species of walnut can produce a larger variety of figure types than any other hardwood options. Unlike other woods, walnut tends to lighten over time.

Mainly Found in: American Midwest and eastern United States.

Height and diameter: 37 m and 1 m respectively


Yellow Birch

Birch wood flooring is a solid alternative to oak or maple floor, which also offers some unique attributes of its own. It has a close, straight grain that provides a relatively stable texture.

With large color variation, from dark to light, yellow birch can suit almost every decorating taste. It will show minimal color variation even when exposed to intense light. The sapwood of birch wood is creamy yellow or pale white, while heartwood is light reddish brown tinged with red.

The wood also provides natural highlights to enhance the visual appeal of any interior. By applying a UV protector at the last stage of installation, its elegance can be maintained for ages.

Mainly Found in: Yellow Birch is found in Quebec, the northeastern United States and the Great Lakes Region.

Height and diameter: 21 m and 2 ft respectively



Hickory wood offers a rustic look to your home with its dramatic coloration. Its flooring tends to stay in the same condition for generations, and the scratches and imperfections on the wood is not clearly visible like other options.

Though hickory wood is generally known for its typical brownish-red tones, you can find white hickory as well. The grain pattern of this wood is exceptionally beautiful – can be enhanced manifold by laying it on the floor. It also has appealing knots and mineral streaks that improve the aesthetic value of your flooring.

Talking about its quality, it mainly depends on the type of hickory that you choose – pignut hickory, shagbark hickory, calico hickory, pecan, common hickory, to mention a few.

This wood is one of the hardest wood species when compared to pine, oak, teak and maple, and is highly resistant to shock. It is extremely sturdy and can withstand the regular wear and tear, weight and pressure of the household.

Mainly Found in: Southern Ontario to northern Florida, southern New England and throughout Kentucky

Height and diameter: 37 m and 1.2 m diameter



Oak has been one of the favorite choices for wood flooring, esp. in traditional homes. The reason behind its immense popularity could be its warm tone and a distinctive grain pattern. In addition, it is highly resistant to scratches and dents, and strong enough to last for generations.

Basically, there are two types of oak flooring – white oak and red oak. White oak is a browner tone with a less pronounced grain pattern, whereas red oak has a reddish tone with a more distinctive grain pattern. The grain, along with warm tones, gives oak wood a significant character.

Just like any other hardwood flooring options, it is available in an engineered form, pre-finished or unfinished, and in different grades.

Coming to its cons, oak floor tends to fade if exposed to direct sunlight for a long period of time. It is also not the best choice for high-traffic areas as it can get scratched pretty easily.

Mainly Found: More than 200 sub-species of oak are found in North America. It is also found in Eastern United States and in the southeast of Canada.

Height and diameter: 38 m and considerable diameter



The craze of maple flooring among homeowners is only increasing, thanks to its elegance and alluring style. It has a close grain and is light colored, with a warm hue – this feature makes it fit in virtually any room, or adapt to any color palette.

Maple is considered as the second most durable flooring option, first being hickory. The maintenance of maple floors doesn’t require rocket-science. You can easily clean it by sweeping or vacuuming, like once in a week.

The boards of maple are prone to moving if there is a high fluctuation in the humidity. To get rid of this, you can keep a humidifier under the floor during dry months. Likewise in a damp area, maple can expand and crack, so you need to be careful here as well.

Mainly Found in: North America, Canada, eastern United States

Height and diameter:  37 m and 1 m respectively

So, a whole lot of chic options are available in the market – The choice is all yours!

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